Asiello's Blog about Science and Random Information

«   »
Class Blogs
Articles By Category
Articles By Month
Recent Articles
Favorite Links
RSS Feed
Back To Directory
Title: Cancer
Category: Disease
Description: types and treatments for cancer
When the cell cycle is disrupted, cancer is often a result.  The causes of these malfunctions are mutagens of some kind.  Cancer is so scary because it is so prevalent and they are YOUR cells, not an invader.  Cancer is something that affects everyone in some way or another.  Just last year, I lost my uncle and my friend since 4th grade-both to brain tumors (glioblastoma).

There are MANY different kinds of cancer, osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma are two types that have affected students of Campbell-Savona.  I would like you to choose one type of cancer and research it.  Please share with myself and your classmates the details of that particular form of cancer and possible treatments for it by responding to this post. 

This blog is not due until January 20 to give you time to find some good and reliable information.  If you have any questions about this assignment, please see me in class. 

If you would like to share your personal experience with cancer, please feel free to do so in your post, or as a separate post.  To receive full credit, you must present your researched information.

Add Comment

Comment Posted by: Darnell at 11:42:56 AM on 01/27/2012

Rheumatoid arthritis may put you at a higher risk of getting cancer, but it is NOT a form of cancer.  The assignment was to research a form of cancer, not look up risk factors.
---- Original Message ----
If you have rheumatoid arthritis "RA," you may be at increased risk for certain cancers because of RA medications or RA related inflammation itself. "RA" has been linked to lower risk cancers, meaning there is no real high risk for the cancer so just watch your meds. and be aware that you are cancer prone,,20532945,00.html

Comment Posted by: Jacob W at 01:56:41 PM on 01/20/2012

i researched thyroid camcer. Your thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in your neck, its just above your collarbone and  It makes hormones that help the body maintain homeostasis. Anyone can get cancer of the thyroid gland. But certain factors may increase the risk. if you are between the ages of 25 and 65 you are more likely to get it, being a wonen  and/or asian. if someone in your familt has had it before your more likely to get it. if you've ever had radiation treatment done to your upper body esecially your head or neck your more likely to get it then someone who hasnt. You should see a doctor if you have a lump or swelling in your neck. Your doctor can order tests to see if you have cancer and, if you did, which type. Treatment depends on the type and how far the cancer has spread. They include surgery, radioactive iodine, hormone treatment, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Some patients receive a combination of treatments.

Comment Posted by: Paul N at 06:38:03 PM on 01/19/2012

Most cancers are easier to treat if found early, so pay attention to the warning signs!!!!!
---- Original Message ----
Testicular cancer is the #1 killing cancer for males between 20-30. Around 7500 males are diagnosed each year. Only 350 males die from it, but still it is a scary disease.  The scary part of testicular cancer is that it starts in the germ cells that for into sperm, but a male averages about 85,000,000 a DAY.  This is scary because that means only one of those 85 million cells have to be "messed up" to possibly be diagnosed with this type of cancer. Causes of this cancer are not washing properly, radiation, and an "undescended testis".  This cancer is easibly treatable if found early, so if you have a painless lump, see a size variation of the testes, or have pain in the testes, get it checked soon.

Comment Posted by: Celleste Sergio at 10:08:36 AM on 01/19/2012

---- Original Message ----
It looks like there is a decent survival rate, that's good.  Lots of research is going toward finding better treatments.  Lots of interesting factoids here!  Good work.
---- Original Message ----
I researched Breast cancer. Breast cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the breast. It is considered a heterogeneous disease—differing by individual, age group, and even the kinds of cells within the tumors themselves. Obviously no woman wants to receive this diagnosis, but hearing the words “breast cancer” doesn’t always mean an end. It can be the beginning of learning how to fight, getting the facts, and finding hope. Women in the United States get breast cancer more than any other type of cancer except for skin cancer. It is second only to lung cancer as a cause of cancer death in women. Each year it is estimated that nearly 200,000 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer and more than 40,000 will die. Approximately 1,700 men will also be diagnosed with breast cancer and 450 will die each year. The evaluation of men with breast masses is similar to that in women, including mammography. I got my information from the offical Breast cancer website.

Comment Posted by: Tessia Stanton at 02:31:39 PM on 01/18/2012

It looks like this is another case where catching it early leads to good results in relation to survival!  so, be careful when you're exposing your skin to UV radiation and use sunscreen!!!
---- Original Message ----
I researched Melanoma. Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer. This cancer is most closely related to those people who are exposed to HIGH ultraviolet radiation, from the sun or from tanning beds. Malanoma causes cells to multiply rapidly and form tumors. These "tumors" kind of look like a mole, only the "tumors" are not as perfectly round and can get much larger. Although Malanoma "moles" are usually Black or brown, they can also be red or purple colored. This disease can be avoided, by not using a tanning bed, and using sun screen when you know you will be in direct sunlight for a long time. An estimated 8,790 people(in the U.S) die each year from this avoidable disease. Even if you do get the disease, if caught early, can be cured. Source-

Comment Posted by: John Fairbrother at 09:24:51 AM on 01/17/2012

While this is true, I was looking for you to do some research on a particular cancer and get information from a trusted, knowledgeable source.
---- Original Message ----
I think people with cancer should be treated a little bit different than others depending on what type of cancer they have.

Comment Posted by: Emily McCann at 04:06:43 PM on 01/16/2012

Lotso f good information:  the message-DO NOT START SMOKING!!!!  what is your resource for this, Emily?
---- Original Message ----
15% of all cancer in the u.s is lung cancer.Smoking causes 85% of all lung cancer worldwide. At a yearly rate of 1,037,000 new cases,and 921,000 deaths. There are two main types of lung cancer, SCLC and NSCLC, they make up 90% of lung cancer. The other 10% of lung cancer is made up of; carcunoid, mucoepidermoid, and melignant mesothelioma.Lung cancer is dangerous because its symtoms are much like those of other common diseases. Lung cancer can also lead to metastasized cancer.Metastasized cancer can cause tumors in blood,other organs or bones. Because different types of lung cancer need to be dealt with differently,treatment options vary. Surgury, radiation and chemotheropy are types of treatment. There is a five year survival rate for cancer patients,NSCLC has 65% in stage 1, 1-2% in stage 4. Those who have SCLC have a 20% at an early stage, in later stages it is less than 1%. By reducing exposure to carcinogens and smoking you could lower your chance of getting cancer.Things like chemoprevention most likely will never veiwed as primary prevention as apposed to quitting tabbaco products.

Comment Posted by: Dale-Lynn Stalbird at 01:37:27 PM on 01/13/2012

Doesn't it make you wonder that 3 of the students in our school have had a form of bone cancer if it is so rare?  very interesting, and disturbing...
---- Original Message ----
Bone cancer/ bone tumors are a very rare cancer. Not many people are likely to get it. We have proximently 206 bones in our bodies and the bones provide our shape, and the muscles attached allow us to move. Bone cancer is caused by a problem with the cells that make a bone. Children frequently and are most likely to get a bone tumor before an adult. It's also more affective. A common cancer is lung cancer. The causes of lung cancer are mainly from smoking. 90% of lung cancer patients have it from tobacco use. Tobacco smoke contains in over 4000 chemical compounds. My grandpa died from cancer, I'm not exactly sure what kind of cancer it was, but i think it was lung. It was the hardest thing I had to go through and he passed away almost two years ago. And my Uncle right now is also dying from cancer. I got my information from

Comment Posted by: Cody Kuenzli at 11:14:49 AM on 01/13/2012

Where did you get this information?  you have to give credit, especially if you're just copying and pasting!!!  I would have liked to see how common it is.
---- Original Message ----
Treatment of brain cancer is usually complex. Most treatment plans involve several consulting doctors.The team of doctors includes neurosurgeons (specialists in the brain and nervous system), oncologists, radiation oncologists (doctors who practice radiation therapy), and, of course, your primary health care provider. Your team may also include a dietitian, a social worker, a physical therapist, and, possibly, other specialists. The treatment protocols vary widely according to the location of the tumor, its size and type, your age, and any additional medical problems that you may have. The most widely used treatments are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. In most cases, more than one of these is used.

Comment Posted by: Haley B at 09:04:02 PM on 01/12/2012

Where did you get this information?  You have to give credit, especially if you're just copying and pasting!!! 
---- Original Message ----
 The colon is part of the body’s digestive system. The digestive system removes and processes nutrients from foods and helps pass waste material out of the body. The digestive system is made up of the esophagus, stomach, and the small and large intestines.
  • Age 50 or older.
  • A family history of cancer of the colon or rectum.
  • A personal history of cancer of the colon, rectum, ovary, endometrium, or breast.

Treatment options depend on the following:

  • The stage of the cancer.
  • Whether the cancer has recurred.
  • The patient’s general health


Unlike fast growing cancers or cancers you can see, colorectal cancer often has no symptoms at all, especially during the early stages. Current recommendations suggest being screened for colorectal cancer starting at age 50, but if you experience any of the symptoms listed below, it’s important to talk to your doctor right away regardless of your age.

  • Changes in the frequency of your bowel movements
    Are you going to the bathroom more or less often?
  • Changes in the consistency of your bowel movement 
    Are you experiencing constipation or diarrhea?
  • Narrow stools
    Are your stools thinner that normal?
  • Blood in your stool
    Blood may be bright red, dark colored, or black and tarry looking.
  • Pain or discomfort 
    Are you experiencing frequent abdominal pain, gas pains, cramps, or bloating?
  • Feeling as if your bowels don’t empty completely
  • Unexplained fatigue
    Do you feel tired all the time?
  • Unexplained weight loss
    Are you losing weight without trying to? Have you lost your appetite?
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Anemia

Comment Posted by: Aga Jean Sarno at 04:18:43 PM on 01/12/2012

Breast cancer is a tumor that starts in the cells and tissues of the breast. Mostly, women get it, but breast cancer or carcinoma can occur in men too. The two main types of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma and lobular carcinoma. Ductal carcinoma begin in the ducts which are small tubes that carry milk to the nipple. This is most type of breast cancer. Lobular carcinoma start in the lobules which are milk producing glands. Cancer is caused by a mutated cell in the body, when the mutated cell builds up, it becomes a tumor and turn into a cancerous cell that is now uncontrolled. Breast cancer can easily spread through the lymph system. Lymphatic vessels carry a clear fluid containing tissue fluid and waste products. Cancer can enter lymphathic vessels and grow in lymph nodes which contains immune system cells. Estrogen is a risk factor to breast cancer; it can cause the tumor to grow. Other risk factor of breast cancers include alcohol use, childbirth, radiation. It also depends on the person's family history of breast cancer, genes, age and gender (women will most likely get it than men). Symptoms of breast cancer include breast lump, pain, weightlos, fluid dischard. To test for breast cancer the doctor can give you a breast MRI, breast ultrasound or breast biopsy. Treatments include chemotherapy and radiation therapy. MY SOURCES:

Comment Posted by: Cody L. at 04:17:36 PM on 01/12/2012

Sorry I forgot to add the place that I found my information, her is the link:

Comment Posted by: Cody L. at 04:14:14 PM on 01/12/2012

Cody, I'm very sorry to hear about your cousin!  That is sad.  Again, we see the need to find it early before it metastasizes!
---- Original Message ----
I am going to inform any people who happen to read my blog post on testicular cancer for one reason in particular. That reason is the namesake of my middle name is Anthony, because my cousin Tony had testicular cancer, and it spread to his brain. Testicular cancer is one of the less terminal cancers as long as it stays isolated. It is a treatable cancer, and the most effective way is by removal of the cancerous gonad. There is no evidence of weather a vasectomy does or does not lead to this cancer. There are no known causes, and there are no side effects in the first stage. the second and third stages, the cancer travels to the lymph nodes in the abdomen, and the can spread to your spine, lungs, or brain. Stages two and three can still be treated, by having a lymphadenectomy, which is where the cancerous lymph nodes are removed surgically.

Comment Posted by: Ciara Sutton at 10:25:54 AM on 01/10/2012

Ciara, what are your sources for this information?  interesting, it looks like only 1/3 of the new cases end in fatality-that looks a little better than other types of cancer.

---- Original Message ----
gallbladder cancer: Cancer that forms in tissues of the gallbladder. Gallbladder cancer begins in the innermost layer of tissue and spreads through the outer layers as it grows. Treatments are including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, and vaccine therapy.Estimated new cases and deaths from gallbladder cancer in the United States in 2011: New cases: 9,250 Deaths: 3,300

Comment Posted by: Lauren Kreager at 10:24:58 AM on 01/10/2012

Lauren-Great info on a scary disease.
---- Original Message ----
The type of cancer I researched was Ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer affects only women (as only women have ovaries). Although they are Ovarian cancer cells, they can still spread to another part of the body, such as the uterus or Fallopian tubes, or even somewhere else like the liver or lungs. Almost every time a woman is diagnosed with Ovarian cancer, it is too late for it to be successfully cured. Only about 20% of women are diagnosed early enough to treat it. (This is shown in the article). The causes of Ovarian cancer are unknown, which doesn't help to avoid the risks of this type of cancer. If you are a woman with ovaries, you're pretty much at risk for it. However, Ovarian cancer can be genetic. So if your family has a history for Ovarian cancer, then you may be at more risk. It would be important to know your family history for this reason. Also if you're over the age of 55, or have never been pregnant, then you may also be at an increased risk. (this is why my cysts were a concern, because I'm only 16) The symptoms of Ovarian cancer can be pain in the abdomen, pelvis or back. Other symptoms could be a bloated abdomen, diarrhea, nausea, indigestion, and feeling tired all the time. This is the problem with diagnosing Ovarian cancer, because these symptoms aren't all that abnormal. There are plenty of reasons as to why someone may feel those symptoms. Ways a doctor may try to diagnose Ovarian cancer may be a biopsy of the Ovaries, an ultrasound, X-rays, a pelvic exam, blood test, or a laparotomy. The treatment for this cancer depends on the age of the woman and the severity of the cancer. Usually, surgery is performed where the cancer or the whole ovaries may be removed. Chemotherapy can also be used, but side effects are common because of the destruction to other normal cells too. Radiation is rarely used, though. Also, this cancer is not very deadly, but of course this depends on the time of diagnosis, age of the woman, and specific type of Ovarian cancer.

Comment Posted by: David Morrow at 02:36:24 PM on 01/09/2012

David where did you get this information?  I see that you credit the Mayo clinic, which is a reputable site, but where did the other info come from?  I hope that you didn't copy and paste it...  Interesting information-it's rarity surprises me.
---- Original Message ----
Heart cancer is an extremely rare form of cancer that is divided into primary tumors of the heart and secondary tumors of the heart.Most heart tumors are benign myxomas, fibromas, rhabdomyomas, and hamartomas, although malignant sarcomas (such as angiosarcoma or cardiac sarcoma) have been known to occur. In a study of 12,487 autopsies performed in Hong Kong seven cardiac tumors were found, most of which were benign.[1] According to Mayo Clinic: "At Mayo Clinic, on average only one case of heart cancer is seen each year." Treatments for heart cancer include: •Chemotherapy to attack cancer cells and manage symptoms •Dietary counseling to help people with cancer maintain their strength and nutritional status •Palliative care to improve the overall quality of life for families and patients with serious diseases •Participation in a clinical trial that is testing promising new therapies and treatments for heart cancer •Physical therapy to help strengthen the body, increase alertness, reduce fatigue, and improve functional ability during and after cancer treatment •Radiation therapy to attack cancer cells and manage symptoms •Surgery to remove cancer and preserve function of the heart

Comment Posted by: cody kuenzli at 10:00:36 AM on 01/09/2012

Cody-can you provide us with mroe information regarding the treatment for brain cancers?  there are lots of different causes of brain tumors, but can you give examples of the types of cancer that cause these?  I'm sorry to hear about your uncle-that is TOUGH!  Once is hard on your body, so I can't imagine knowing what you're in for and having to do it all over again TWICE!  he's a brave man and I wish him the best.

---- Original Message ----
I have an uncle who is currently going threw chemo therapy for the 3rd time! I forgot what kind of cancer he has. I will ask and let you know when I find out. I will talk about brain tumors. It is a form of cancer. You can get tumors anywhere on your body, but im just gonna be talking about the tumors that form in the brain.The definition of a brain tumor: The growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). There are many diffrent types of tumor cancers, and not all tumors are cancerous.

Comment Posted by: Anthony Nichols at 02:14:32 PM on 01/08/2012

Anthony-what is your source for this info?  Do more children get it that adults (I see your prognosis statistic is only for children)?  Interesting and concise!  Well done.

---- Original Message ----
Ependymoma cancer is a type of brain tumor in the central nervous system. Removing the tumor is the first treatment tried. Unfortuently, it is often difficult for the surgery to completly remove the ependymoma. Radiation is the next step to try to remove the cancer. Chemotherapy is used in more aggresive forms of ependymoma in addition to the radiation. Ependymoma is a rare form of brain tumors however, and is only diagnosed in about 5-10% of all cases of brain cancer. The survival rate is 70% for the first five years in children. The exact cause of ependymoma is unknown, but there are many people looking for causes and cures to this cancer.

Comment Posted by: cody kuenzli at 09:57:00 AM on 01/06/2012

---- Original Message ----
is a brain tumor considered a cancer?

It can be.  It depends on if the tumor is benign or if it cancerous.  There are different types of cancer that cause brain tumors (see Anthony Nichols' post).

Comment Posted by: Shawna W. at 03:04:12 PM on 01/04/2012

Shawna-I'm sorry to hear that your grandmother went through all of this, but this is great information.   I am happy to hear that she won the battle!!  Good for her.  I think it helps to get support from family and know that you have a cheering squad!!!!
---- Original Message ----
there are many types of cancer that are very different from one another like Prostate, Testicular, Cervical, Breast, Vaginal, and Colon cancer. For example Thyroid Cancer is more likely to happen to women then men, but more aggressive towards old women. These are not the one's i would like to talk about, i would like to bring up Endometrial Cancer. The reason why this is is because my grandma was diagnosed with this particular cancer, which feared a lot of us leaving her in pain, and bringing pain to us, she was in danger. Endometrial Cancer is the type of cancer that takes place in the Uterus, but originaly starts on the Endometrium, which is the layer of cells making up the lining of the Uterus. This is the most common out of all the other types of cancer that can take place in the Uterus. Endometrial cancer is caused by a genetic mutation in the cells of the Endometrium. treatment for this cancer would be advised to have their uterus removed, as well as the fallopian tubes and ovaries are removed as well. Or radiation involving the use of high-power energy beams to get rid of dangerous cells in the body. so leading back to my grand mother she fought and never gave up and she had been coured from this genetic mutation of the cancer. It really is a amazing, through all the pain and the suffering she made it out in the end. i am greatful to still see her tell this day!! The main coure that i would like to believe is fighting, never giving up on yourself. If you fight for what you want, or to keep yourself going maricals always show up in the end!

Comment Posted by: preston wedd at 02:04:19 PM on 01/03/2012

Preston, please add some details.  Please choose ONE type of cancer and tell me all about it including the most common treatments.
---- Original Message ----
the cancer treatment centers of america believe there are acually 100s of ways to treat cancer, but they have to find the right personal combinations to succeed. Dedicated teams of sergions,and specialists help deliver advanced treatments. url for artical{msimpts}&cdid=5213&creative=958959&source=MSNEA&ic_pl_id=129628063&c=paid%20search:MSN:MSN%20-%20Eastern%20Core%20Terms%20New:General:%20Cancer:cancer&ic_lp_id=19972457&OVKEY=cancer&OVMTC=e&channel=paid%20search&adcid=4797459